Hydrofracking - are we nuts? (OT)

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BASE104

Social climber
An Oil Field
Feb 11, 2013 - 01:41am PT
Close John,

The kelly is basically a square pipe that you screw into the top of the drill pipe at every connection. It goes through a square hole in the rotating floor and spins the drill string.

Now you remember, eh? The roughnecks sit in the doghouse getting warm, staring at that kelly going down. When you are drilling very deep you might have a ten minutes/foot rate of penetration. That's 300 minutes between connections. If they are lucky, morning tower gets to sleep all night....
johnboy

Trad climber
Can't get here from there
Feb 11, 2013 - 02:10am PT
rotating floor

Motor table?

Been 38 years, my last rig was all diesel electric.
Saaweet

Seen a lot of crazy sh$t. My last day our dereck hand was riding the collars up, driller was whacked on a 3 day speed trip and ran him into the crown. I walked and the driller threatened all water haulers not to give me a ride. Then the tool pusher showed up and asked me what happened, he gave me a ride in and told my driller (and the rest of his crew) not to come back.
wilbeer

Mountain climber
honeoye falls,ny.greeneck alleghenys
Mar 6, 2013 - 07:31pm PT
http://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/2013/03/06/will-new-yorks-fracking-decision-matter-to- We here in NY win,for now. The money will eventually win though.
dave729

Trad climber
Western America
Mar 19, 2013 - 10:29pm PT
Fracking California! Let the drilling begin.

The Monterey Shale, running southeast of San Francisco at an average depth
of 11,000 feet, extends over about 1,750 square miles and may hold

64 percent of the nation’s estimated shale oil reserves, according to the
federal Energy Information Administration.

That’s double the combined reserves of the Bakken Shale (NDBOOILP) in North Dakota and the Eagle Ford Shale in Texas, where energy companies are spending billions.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-17/california-fracking-fight-has-25-billion-taxes-at-stake.html



TGT

Social climber
So Cal
Mar 19, 2013 - 10:40pm PT
Operators are supposed to plug certain know zones where groundwater resides. So, if that is at 5,000 ft. they need to cement or shove bentonite down to those zones

LOL

If you are pumping from a 5,000 ft aquifer (if any viable ones exist) you are going to go broke on pumping costs.

1,500 ft is a really deep water well.
Jingy

climber
Somewhere out there
Apr 25, 2013 - 08:45pm PT
http://grist.org/news/radioactive-frack-waste-quarantined-at-pa-dump-turned-away/?utm_campaign=daily&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter&kmi=robbertken2008@mac.com


Fracking waste deemed too radioactive for hazardous-waste dump

By John Upton


A truck carrying fracking waste was quarantined and then sent back to where it came from after its contents triggered a radiation alarm at a Pennsylvania hazardous-waste landfill. The truck’s load was nearly 10 times more radioactive than is permitted at the dump in South Huntingdon township.

The radiation came from radium 226, a naturally occurring material in the Marcellus Shale, which being fracked for natural gas in Pennsylvania and nearby states. “Radium is a well known contaminant in fracking operations,” writes Jeff McMahon at Forbes.


From the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review:

Township Supervisor Mel Cornell said the MAX Environmental Technologies truck was quarantined Friday after it set off a radiation alarm at MAX’s landfill near Yukon, a 159-acre site that accepts residual waste and hazardous waste.

[Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection] spokesman John Poister confirmed the drill cutting materials from Rice Energy’s Thunder II pad in Greene County had a radiation level of 96 microrem.

The landfill must reject any waste with a radiation level that reaches 10 microrem or higher.

“It’s low-level radiation, but we don’t want any radiation in South Huntingdon,” Cornell said.

Poister said DEP instructed MAX to return the materials to the well pad where it was extracted for subsequent disposal at an approved facility.

Pennsylvania is currently studying radiation issues associated with fracking of the shale and disposal of the industry’s waste.




 Yeah…. Let me hear another "It's totally safe" argument….
nature

climber
Boulder, CO
Jun 1, 2013 - 09:54pm PT
bump.

Apparently the Boulder County Board of Supervisors has been bought out and they have lifted the moratorium on fracking in Boulder County.

A huge battle is building and I'm a part of it.

Ridiculous.
wilbeer

Mountain climber
honeoye falls,ny.greeneck alleghenys
Jun 1, 2013 - 10:18pm PT
It really sucks in your backyard.
On the prairie or up the mountain?
couchmaster

climber
pdx
Jun 1, 2013 - 11:35pm PT
Regarding Dr Steven Chu, former director of the Dept of Energy:
"Of course, curiously, fracking wasn't shut down or even slowed down by him and his hires. Clearly he didn't consult (any of) you about it or perhaps he would have. But all he had was a damned fine brain, a Doctorate, extensive work in physics, he was the Director of the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, where he led the lab in pursuit of alternative and renewable energy technologies. He also taught at the University of California as a Professor of Physics and Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology. Previously, he held positions at Stanford University and AT&T Bell Laboratories.

His research in atomic physics, quantum electronics, polymer and biophysics includes tests of fundamental theories in physics, the development of methods to laser cool and trap atoms, atom interferometry, and the study of polymers and biological systems at the single molecule level. While at Stanford, he helped start Bio-X, a multi-disciplinary initiative that brings together the physical and biological sciences with engineering and medicine.

The dude is the holder of 10 patents, and has published ~250 scientific and technical papers. He remains active with his research group and has recently published work on general relativity, single molecule biology, biophysics and biomedicine, and on scientific challenges and opportunities in clean energy. Over 30 alumni of his research group have gone on to become distinguished professors and have been recognized by dozens of prizes and awards.

Dr. Chu is a member of numerous honorific societies including the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Academia Sinica, the Korean Academy of Sciences and Technology, and is an honorary member of the Institute of Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a Lifetime Member of the Optical Society of America. He received an A.B. degree in mathematics, a B.S. degree in physics from the University of Rochester, and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley, as well as 23 honorary degrees. and in fact had recieved the NobelFRIKKANPrize for Physics work. BUT HE WAS TOO STUPID TO CONSULT (any of) YOU ABOUT HOW HORRIBLE FRACKING IS SO FRACKING WILL JUST CONTINUE UNABATED. ..."
nature

climber
Boulder, CO
Jun 2, 2013 - 12:28am PT
not exactly sure where - mostly open space lands and probably along the range front (fault zones). Boulder County is pretty small.
wilbeer

Mountain climber
honeoye falls,ny.greeneck alleghenys
Jun 2, 2013 - 08:59am PT
Couch,thanks for that ,is he still there?

He and the present admin want fracking ,to increase the use HERE ,to bridge the gap between now and future fuel/energy technology,i.e. replace coal.

Is that happening?

Meanwhile we have become the second largest exporter of fossil fuels.

Recently the port of Philadelphia has reopened for buisness,to export LNG .

Trust in Fossil Fuel Corporations is dangerous.So please tell me how this is strengthening the US's energy future?
Jingy

climber
Somewhere out there
Jun 2, 2013 - 10:26am PT
Nature - how long before you start tasting the tainted water?

Personally, at least with fracking, we have taken a step back socially.

One group of people from the industry made so many people without knowledge of these things that it was a good idea to go searching for gold down where the water stays….


Never a good idea, in my view
BASE104

Social climber
An Oil Field
Jun 2, 2013 - 10:41am PT
This is not frac water. This was drill cuttings. When you drill an 8 inch hole for 5000 horizontal feet, it is quite a bit. In most places it is just covered and buried in the pit, because in verticals this never happens.

I will have to check in on this, because there are thousands of Marcellus wells and this is the first one to have high radioactivity, which is common in certain areas. The Marcellus actually outcrops over a large area, so that rock is in the aquifer that people have been using for centuries.

The drilling in the Denver Julesberg Basin targets the Niobrara formation, which is a much younger and much different rock. The Niobrara has turned out to be kind of a bust. It is really only good in the Wattenburg field, which consists of thousands of wells around Denver up to just east of Boulder. Not IN Boulder.

I'll check on this. I don't work the Marcellus up in the NE, where this is, but I do work with other shales, and this doesn't happen.

I'm leary about this, because so many thousands of wells have drilled through the Marcellus, and there is a lot of hysteria over it. I'm sure right now that everyone is checking the drill cuttings. If it is at that level, it will have to be taken to a hazardous waste landfill. My wife regulates those. It is more expensive to use a hazardous landfill, but in the 9 million dollar cost of these wells, it is just a nuisance.

Remember. This isn't from water. This is from the actual rock cuttings that are circulated up and separated from the mud stream. I have sat at least a couple of hundred wells, and the geologist looks at samples gathered at every ten feet.

The only real NORM problem that has occurred, is in the Permian Basin. Almost every single oil well produces associated saltwater, and over the years you can get scale buildup inside the production tubing, which isn't casing. It turned out that this scale from one zone was highly radioactive. The old tubing, which has to be replaced every decade or two, had built up a very radioactive scale, but it took many years to build up.

So all of that tubing, which had been used for fences and even things like swing sets, had to be found and disposed of properly.

Frac fluid is only in the formation for a few weeks. Most of it comes flowing back in the first few days. I've never heard of radioactive frac fluid.

This is a huge concern in the exploration industry, because public perception, even if it is false, has an impact. Right now we are seeing the really big companies coming in and buying out the smaller guys. The big companies have the resources to handle almost anything. If the Macondo blowout had happened on land, it would have been controlled within a few days, and could have been cleaned up.

Over the past few years, the flowback fluid has been recycled and used over and over again instead of purchasing clean fresh water, which is a big expense. The service companies now have "green" frac fluids that don't contain any toxic materials, and in general have been dealing with the problems that are unique to the Marcellus, which lies in Pennsylvania and associated areas.

These big stage fracs have been under a lot of scrutiny. You or anybody can go out to the pit and take samples of the flow back fluid, and this has been done many times. This case has nothing to do with the fluid. It was the actual rock that comes up in the drilling. I've NEVER heard of this before, but the shales are more radioactive than other shales. One of our logging tools is a gamma ray scintillomiter, and is run on modern wells. We know how radioactive the rock is that we are drilling through, and in all of the mid continent and rocky mountain basins (which are not "in the mountains.")

Everyone here knows how green I am, and if this isn't a spiked load of cuttings, it will have to dealt with. It isn't radioactive waste type radioactivity. It is just above the line for type one landfills.

The drill cuttings, if this pans out, will now have to be examined.

This is in the Marcellus, which is upper Devonian. The zone in eastern Colorado is the Niobrara, which has been produced for decades in vertical wells. Underneath the Denver area, the geothermal gradient is higher because it is in line with the Colorado Mineral Belt. The Niobrara is failing in most places other than the Wattenburg Field, so the whole Niobrara is very patchy. It isn't thermally mature in most other areas. There is a small place in the Powder River that I know of, but it is pretty small. Shales are really high tech, and I'm learning about the geomechanics, chemistry, capillary pressure and lots of other stuff that.

Do you guys know the association with Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio? These shales are examined with electron microscopes, x-ray diffraction, and the mineralogy is well understood. Every shale is a little different, and there is a learning curve to make economic wells.

I'm bummed today because a buddy of mine and his son were killed in the El Reno tornado two days ago. This guy was huge in the meteorology community, Nobody can believe that he was killed chasing. He did a lot of important work with Texas Tech on windspeeds and damage, along with successfully planting instruments that were hit by tornadoes, something that only he could pull off after zillions of attempts. His son and partner died with them when a tornado veered its course and caught them in their car, sending it flying and killing all three.
Jingy

climber
Somewhere out there
Jun 2, 2013 - 11:08am PT
Base….

You are totally biased being a worker in the industry. Not totally sure how much weight we're supposed to put in your "Its all safe" call.

One question: Can you say with certainty that every frac operation is run to your exacting standards and integrity?

If not, then you cannot say that everything is always safe with any sincerity.
10b4me

Ice climber
Jun 2, 2013 - 11:34am PT
Base, sorry to hear about your friends.
My condolences to you, and the family.
Jingy

climber
Somewhere out there
Jun 2, 2013 - 11:56am PT
Bruce - Right, I guess I too have allowed my anti-frac bias to get the better of me, in that I read Base to be pro-frac at all costs. Yes, he will look into something further, but in the meantime let the fracking continue regardless of the consequences to the people and the environment the people live in.

It's almost like reading the idea that spins the commercials that suggest that there are no problems in drilling for oil i the gulf and how much better the place is because of the drilling… I haven't been to the south, but from what I've heard there are more people down there on some kind of public assistance than anywhere else in the country.

If it (the frac) was really safe, there would be no need to report anything. We never hear stories on the people that continue to breath as this is what people do. Never hear the story about the numerous cars that start every day… That's just how things work. And if fracing were truly safe we would have never heard about it because life would have continued without a hitch. But as it stands there seems to be enough of the bad news so as to outweigh the good news, not to mention who false the claims of "making a community all better" economically.
nature

climber
Boulder, CO
Jun 2, 2013 - 01:58pm PT
I agree with Bruce. I've always appreciated Base for what he contributes.

We do get blinded when we stand for a cause and we have to be careful about that.

My teachers points out that in his tradition their approach is to look at all the positives and benefits and ways that other opinions might be right before taking it apart. I think often times the approach is to understand deeply your opinion on something (fracking, clear cutting, whatever) and use those strengths to tear down the opposition *before* understanding fully the oppositions strengths. The inherit problem there is if you are proven wrong you undermine not only the point you are trying to make but also your broader goals.

Base - do you have any information regarding the fracking that is looking to begin probably starting June 11th here in Boulder Country? (June 10th is when the moritorium is lifted).
HighTraverse

Trad climber
Bay Area
Jun 2, 2013 - 04:46pm PT
The Monterey Shale, running southeast of San Francisco at an average depth
of 11,000 feet
There are already low producing oil wells in the Santa Cruz mtns. The nearest me are adjacent to Castle Rock State Park and about 3 hawk miles away. There are others between La Honda and San Gregorio.

WHOOOEEEEE......I can lease out my little spot of paradise and get rich!
I've just changed my mind. Let The Fracking Begin!
sharperblue

Mountain climber
San Francisco, California
Jun 2, 2013 - 11:33pm PT
Very sorry to hear about your friends, Base - I'm really enjoying lurking and reading this one - brings back a lot of memories of the oil and gas wells drilled into the Devonian shale on my parent's land when I was 4 years old in the West Virginia hills.

Read Sinclair's 'Oil' a few years back and was absolutely amazed at how little had changed in the process of drilling from 1920's to the 70's. looking back at the family pics from those days makes it look like they were using the same equipment!

I remember the strange grey fracking waste was pumped into a pit that was then covered over; nothing at all grew in those filled pits for years and years
couchmaster

climber
pdx
Jun 3, 2013 - 12:30am PT
Jesus, the stupid Rubes in the White house have screwed the pooch again! This time the idiots have selected ANOTHER (see Dr Chu note above) PRO FRACKING HACK, a guy who is a MIT physicist no less (Ernest Moniz) to be the next Secretary of Energy.

Are they all just that stupid? He wants MORE electricity, cheaper. Where are they getting all these idiots? They clearly are not familiar with this web site, or they would be against fracking. Sh#t, do they just give about anyone a Doctorate these days? Sorry boys, looks like the new sheriff in town wants you to PAY LESS for electricity, which in turn will add shitloads of new jobs throughout the country as the cost to Mfg decreases, and you'll breath cleaner air while all that crap occurs. No way around it, they seem intent on cleaning up the environment by MORE fracking, not less. Ya can't even turn around and vote in the republicans either.

“Mr. Moniz has been supportive of nuclear power, clean coal as well as renewable energy. He is perhaps best known for a study published by MIT on the future of natural gas, which was presented to the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources in 2011.”

“It’s cheap, there’s lots of it and there’s lots of it in places with high demand, namely the U.S., China and India,” says co-author and M.I.T. physicist Ernest Moniz. “Sequestration,” he adds, “is a key enabling technology for coal use in a carbon-constrained world.”

“The world needs both more electricity and less pollution. The goals are not incompatible, but the solution will require better management of demand, smarter use of coal as well as renewable energy sources, and increased use of nuclear power.”

Clearly the academics don't know sh#t about shinola these days. Pfft, pro-fracking and he's a Doctorate from MIT.
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